Bee Varieties Assortment
Off 2009 to 2018, 192 bee types (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been trapped during the Calanques National Park thru one another net and you can bowl pitfall collections. They belonged in order to half dozen family and 38 genera. Megachilidae is actually probably the most types-steeped family members, with Apidae and you may Halictidae, having 53, forty-two, and 43 varieties, respectively. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is the new wealthiest genus, having 33 variety, whereas 7 genera have been represented by the just one types (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step one [on the web only] ). By using the jackknife step 1 and you may 2 spiders, the total bee types richness are projected to-be between ± nine.89 and ± . The newest observed richness ergo illustrated 71.3 so you can 79.6% of your estimated bee richness ( Table dos). The newest Chao1 approach estimated brand new seen fullness as 76.8% of your own possible maximum richness ( Desk 2). The essential plentiful species is Apis mellifera L. (276 anybody), with Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 some body, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 some body). In the end, fifty kinds (26%) was basically portrayed of the one personal (singletons).
Environment Characteristics out of Bees
Regarding the environment attributes regarding nesting needs, i known 59 solitary bee varieties nesting a lot more than surface, ninety-five single bee varieties nesting underground and 23 cleptoparasitic variety, equal to 29.seven, 47.nine, and you will a dozen.0% of your complete bee variety richness, correspondingly. We thought of four personal varieties https://datingranking.net/fuck-marry-kill-review/ (bumble bees and you may honey bees-dos.1%). Ultimately, the fresh new nesting choices off 14 variety will always be unknown (7.3%- Supp Dining table step one [on the web merely] ). About your floral diet out of bee kinds, i discovered that 105 variety (54.7%) foraged on the a variety of bush variety (i.elizabeth., generalist species, polylectic) and 51 variety (twenty-six.5%) foraged on a single bush nearest and dearest or you to definitely/partners plant types (i.elizabeth., specialist kinds, oligolectic). On the leftover thirty-six bee kinds (18.8%), the latest flowery diet was not known (e.g., to own cleptoparasitic variety). not, very generalist kinds showed a choice for 1 otherwise a number of bush group ( Supp Dining table step one [on the internet only] ). With the 49 singletons, 14 bee species (28%) was in fact specialist, and you will 9 bee kinds (18%) was cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk 1 [on the web only] ).
A keen IUCN standing try available for 178 varieties (leaving out the fresh new types buildings and you will unidentified kinds). Among those, 47 species were categorized since research lacking (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 types had been minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), six types was close endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another types try experienced threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Table 1 [on the web just] ). About three oligolectic species was in fact among 7 threatened bee types. An excellent. ovatula and you can C. albomaculatus is specialist with the Fabaceae, D. argentata is an expert with the Caprifoliaceae.
From 2009 so you can 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was in fact trapped within the Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to twenty four genera ( Supp Table 2 [on line just] ). Many numerous genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 individuals), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen anyone), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville for the Latreille, 1828 (13 someone), whereas 20 varieties (53%) have been represented by just one personal ( Supp Dining table 2 [online simply] ). The bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) have been illustrated because of the 20 species, in addition to four singletons (25%) ( Supp Table 3 [on the internet merely] ). The new estimation out of full varieties fullness from hover flies and bee flies try anywhere between 83 and you may 97 kinds using the jackknife step one and you may 2 spiders, correspondingly. Therefore, brand new observed richness illustrated 59.8–69.9% of projected hover travel and you will bee fly fullness ( Table dos).